The Locomotives Act of 1921 grouped the majority of the Locomotive companies in the United Kingdom into four major companies, often referred to as the ‘Big Four’ and this legislation came into place on 1 January 1923. A number of Locomotive companies though were not included in ‘Grouping’, particularly standard gauge Light Locomotives, Joint Locomotives and some industrial, dock and military Locomotives and many of these lines had direct links to the mainline. While many lines had their own freight rolling stock, or made use of private owner wagons, it was not unusual to see rolling stock from one of the ‘Big Four’ companies being used, as freight was delivered in from industrial areas further afield.
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